Politicians are warming up to crypto
This week, our blockchain experts assessed the following topics:
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Politicians are warming up to crypto
It seems as if the global cryptocurrency space is looking at clearer regulatory guidance to be adopted soon. In the U.S., President Biden’s recent executive order represents the first all-encompassing government approach to clearly lay out proper regulation of crypto assets. This should help financial institutions get more comfortable with the world of crypto.
In Europe, the much-feared vote that could have banned proof-of-work cryptocurrencies was rejected, albeit in a divided vote with 30 to 23 in favour of keeping this provision out of the draft for the proposed Markets in Crypto Assets (MiCA) framework, the EU’s comprehensive regulatory package for regulating digital assets. With this potential ban now out of the way, the regulation proposed in Europe is looking bright.
Good news is also coming from Asia. South Korea’s newly elected president Yoon Suk-yeol has been dubbed to be particularly crypto-friendly. During his campaign, he made promises to ease regulatory burdens on crypto companies. And him recently minting his own signature as an NFT seems to be proof enough as to the seriousness of his intentions in supporting the crypto industry.
At the same time, it is individual countries that are adopting an outright welcoming stance on crypto assets. The most prominent case right now is Ukraine. With the many cryptocurrency donations that have come into the country over the last few weeks, Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy just signed into law a bill that legalises crypto. And in Malaysia, popular voices have called for the country to make Bitcoin and other forms of cryptocurrency legal tender, while the Australian government outlined its plan on how to regulate the growing crypto sector.
All of this is happening at a time when the latest numbers coming out of El Salvador indicate that Bitcoin adoption is not running rampant. According to a survey conducted by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador, 91.7% of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) surveyed in January indicated that Bitcoin being legal tender in their country has not impacted their business in any way at all. And 86% reported that they have not made any sales using the cryptocurrency.
What is crypto’s destiny after all?
The cryptocurrency world is a polarising phenomenon in many respects. The latest controversy has been kicked off by Vitalik Buterin, mastermind and founder behind Ethereum. In a recent article with Time Magazine, the popular crypto geek utters his concerns about crypto’s overall future. As such, he is not particularly proud of the fact that Ethereum has made a handful of white men extraordinarily rich and is considered to be an energy-intensive polluter or a vehicle for tax evasion, money laundering, and mind-boggling scams.
Not very helpful in the eyes of some commentators are projects like the recently launched ApeCoin ($APE). Although the project was started with good intentions and several use cases in mind, a stale aftertaste remains. The Bored Ape Yacht Club, the ecosystem this token has been designed for, has turned into a club for the crypto elite, not least because of the prices one needs to pay to afford a single ape NFT. Unsurprisingly enough, the launch of the ApeCoin once again confirmed all of crypto’s stereotypes: The airdrop has made a few investors a lot richer, while scams tried to piggyback on the coin’s successful launch.
So, the question is: How to initiate a change in direction? While not even Buterin can speak a word of command with a decentralised technology like Ethereum, speaking up for the right approach and in doing so trying to weigh the crypto world in a more preferred direction is the reasonable thing to do.
After all, the past few weeks around the Ukraine situation have impressively shown that cryptocurrencies can have a meaningful impact in the real world. Crypto can help people in need and doesn’t just represent million-dollar images of monkeys. As a matter of fact, blockchain’s true spirit of making the world a fairer, more inclusive place, which is more closely aligned with people’s real preferences is still in the making even though things like the NFT hype may sometimes temporarily cloud this trajectory.
And yes, even NFTs will be part of this overall change to the better, if rightly applied and used. Just think of the potential that NFTs offer people in raising money, selling their work directly to fans, and using the blockchain as the ledger to track payments – everything without an intermediary.
Data breaches at crypto companies
HubSpot is a third-party marketing vendor serving different crypto companies. Exactly which companies became obvious a few days ago when the company announced that up to 30 of its clients were impacted by a data breach affecting the marketing firm. Among the clients hit by the data breach were NYDIG, Pantera Capital, BlockFi, Circle, or Swan Bitcoin.
The hacker’s attack was particularly targeted at customers in the cryptocurrency industry as the hackers were aiming for users’ names, email addresses, and phone numbers that were stored with HubSpot. A similar attack to steal customer data was successfully launched at Ledger, the hardware wallet company operating out of France.
Unfortunately, such data breach incidents are still the order of the day in today’s digital age. On the positive side, blockchain-based assets provide some additional security as email addresses or phone numbers alone won’t enable an attacker to withdraw any assets. Still, personal information that is being leaked can potentially reveal too much about a single person, which is why working to prevent data breaches altogether remains a top priority.
And it might just be the case that blockchain technology is one of the missing puzzle pieces. A blockchains’ decentralised nature surely encourages the protection of data. Concretely speaking, non-fungible tokens – so-called NFTs – could be used to secure an individual’s data and prevent instances of identity theft and fraud.
Finally: Institutions have arrived
It’s one of the most prevailing mantras in crypto: “Institutional investors are entering the crypto space”, so the mantra goes. Ever since the 2017 bull run, people have been speculating on whether or not institutions are already here. While in retrospect it is rather clear that the 2017 cycle was still missing key financial infrastructure, the much-needed building blocks like custody, derivatives, or on-ramps to enable institutional investments are now present in 2022.
Looking at custody, we have seen the biggest players from the traditional world closing in on the crypto world. With over $40 trillion in assets in custody, the world’s biggest custodian State Street has partnered up with London-based crypto custodian Copper to provide custody for crypto assets. Another traditional industry giant, BNY Mellon announced to be collaborating with digital asset infrastructure provider Fireblocks in the pursuit of launching institutional-grade custody solutions for cryptocurrencies later this year.
BNY Mellon is also among the many investment banks that have revived or are starting their own crypto desk just like BlackRock or Goldman Sachs. The latter just informed that it has done the first over-the-counter crypto trade executed by a major U.S. bank. By acting as a principal in an OTC crypto trade, the bank is taking on greater risks than before when dabbling in crypto. Nonetheless, Goldman Sachs seems comfortable taking this risk, which can be interpreted as a notable step in the institutional development of crypto markets.
But such risks might be something, institutional investors are increasingly willing to take. After all, in a yield-starved world, high potential return investments are being re-evaluated. Recent rumours have it that Bridgewater, the world’s biggest hedge fund is preparing to back its first crypto funds. By doing this, they are mirroring a trend that has been in the making.
As a matter of fact, institutions have been flocking into DeFi, especially in the second quarter of 2021. As blockchain data platform Chainalysis showed in a report, large institutional transactions, which are transactions above $10 million, accounted for more than 60% of all DeFi transactions during this period. Reason enough for the popular blockchain software technology company Consensys to publish a guide to DeFi and Web3 for crypto funds, market makers, trading desks, and other organisations.